Sawm is known as Fasting and is the fourth pillar of Islam.
The act of fasting dates back to many other Prophets, notably Prophet Dawud, who fasted every other day. This is now known as being an extra way of fasting for those who wish to become closer to Allah. Another way of fasting is to fast every Monday and Thursday.
Sawm, however applies to all Muslims, throughout the world. We all should fast for one month of the Islamic Calendar. This is the ninth month, known as Ramadan. This is also a very blessed month as the Qur`an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad during Ramadan. Each month of the lunar year has either 29 or 30 days, dependant on the sighting of the new moon, so this is how long Muslims fast for.
Each day of Ramadan, we should stop eating and drinking between just before sunrise to sunset. So at the morning prayer, Fajr, we stop eating and drinking and at the evening prayer, Maghrib, we open our fast by joining our loved ones and friends and having dinner.
At the end of Ramadan, we celebrate by having a festival known as Eid –al – Fitr. There is a special Eid prayer said in the morning, followed by a day of happiness and sharing. We should remember the blessings we receive in the month of Ramadan and that it is a month of forgiveness for the Muslims.